P&SL Privacy & Security Lab

P&SL Privacy & Security Lab

Privacy & Security Lab (P&SL)

Info 290 LEC 005 / Law 276.31 sec. 1

Class Number (formerly Course Control Number) (Non-1Ls): 34000

Units: 4
Meeting Time: TuTh 11:00AM-12:30PM

Meeting Location

Classroom: 205 South Hall

Lab: Tollman Computer Facility (TCF) Tollman Hall Room 1535

Description

There is a burgeoning market for technologists and lawyers who can understand the application and implementation of privacy and security rules to network connected services. Privacy and Security Lab is a new course designed to promote the development of such “privacy technologists.” Students will meet twice a week, once in discussion, and the second time in a computer lab to gain hands-on skills in privacy and security analysis. The course will explore the concepts, regulations, technologies, and business practices in privacy and security, including how different definitions of “privacy” may shape technical implementation of information-intensive services; the nature of privacy and security enhancing services; and how one might technically evaluate the privacy and security claims made by service providers. There are no prerequisites and enrollment is open to law students to encourage cross-disciplinary exchanges.

Assessment

Your grade will be based on two, short individual writing assignments (30%), your group project (50%), and your classroom participation (20%). Here is a good template to use for your assignments.

  • Short writing assignment: describe a technology to a lay audience (1,000 words max)
  • Short writing assignment: describe how a technology could be designed to be more protective of privacy or security (1,000 words max)(you may use the same technology as assignment 1)
  • Group project

 Some suggested group topics to get the conversation flowing:

  • A comparison of EU and US-directed web services (perhaps most interesting to compare the same company’s website in the two jurisdictions)
  • A comparison of web sites from US and EU IP addresses
  • An analysis, possibly comparative, of a browser privacy plugin
  • Privacy forensics on an IoT device (we have a budget to buy devices)
  • Net neutrality – data collection relevant to possible changes
  • Analysis of a payment system
  • SB 27 “Shine the Light Law” Compliance
  • Europeans: Make an access request for your data—particularly interesting would be one of these personality analytics firms such as Cambridge Analytica.
  • Analysis of Consumers Union’s Digital Protocol
  • Creation of a browser extension that elucidates a privacy or security issue

APM-015 Part II statement

This course will deal with material concerning current events and exploration of government actions and their possible consequences. Class discussion will feature such material.

Course Readings

Luckily most of our readings will be in the public domain, and there is no appropriate textbook for our course. Some readings will be behind paywalls. In order to get the readings at no cost, you will have to use the Berkeley Library VPN or the Library Proxy. These tools enable you to obtain all UCB-subscribed journals and books from your home computer. If you have problems, see your helpdesk.

Date Location Topic Readings
1/10/17 205 South Hall Overview of the course; introduction to ECPA and CFAA California Penal Code §§ 630, 631, 632, 635, 637, and 637.7
      CRS, Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) (Oct. 2012) pp 1–24, https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41733.pdf
      Charles Doyle, Cybercrime: An Overview of the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Statute and Related Federal Criminal Laws, CRS Report, Oct. 2014, pages: summary, 1–2, 14–25, http://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/97-1025.pdf
1/12/17 Boalt 123 CFAA continued; DMCA and research 17 USC 1201, Circumvention of copyright protection systems
    Letter from Matthew J. Oppenheim, Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs, Recording Industry Association of America, to Professor Edward Felten, Department of Computer Science, Princeton University, Apr. 9, 2001, https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010409_riaa_sdmi_letter.html 
      Cybersecurity Research: Addressing the Legal Barriers and Disincentives (Sept. 2015) p. 1–17, https://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/files/cybersec-research-nsf-workshop.pdf 
      Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, pp. 65944–65946, 65955–65956 (Oct. 28, 2015). https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-10-28/pdf/2015-27212.pdf 
1/17/17 205 South Hall Introduction to the course; what are the professional ethics of privacy and security research UC Berkeley, Computer Use Policy, n.d., https://security.berkeley.edu/computer-use-policy 
      David Dittrich, Michael Bailey, Sven Dietrich, Towards Community Standards for Ethical Behavior in Computer Security Research (2009), https://staff.washington.edu/dittrich/papers/dbd2009tr1-20090925-1133.pdf 
      Google Security Blog, Rebooting Responsible Disclosure: a focus on protecting end users (Jul. 2010), https://security.googleblog.com/2010/07/rebooting-responsible-disclosure-focus.html 
      SANS, The GIAC (Global Information Assurance Certification) Code of Ethics, n.d. http://digital-forensics.sans.org/certification/ethics 
      Digital Forensics Certification Board, Code of Ethics and Standards of Professional Conduct (2008), https://www.dfcb.org/DFCB_DFCB_Code_of_Ethics_and_Standards_of_Professional_Conduct_Version_1.1_Dec08.pdf 
      Association for Computing Machinery, ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct (1992), http://www.acm.org/about-acm/acm-code-of-ethics-and-professional-conduct 
EC Council, Code of Ethics for Certified Ethical Hacker (nd), https://www.eccouncil.org/code-of-ethics/ 
      Geoffrey MacDougall and Maria Rerecich, Evaluating Products and Services for Privacy, Security and Data Practices, Jan 2017, https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/public_comments/2016/10/00049-129157.pdf  Also see http://digitalprotocol.org/ 
1/19/17 TCF, 1535 Tollman Introduction to the lab Lab worksheet.
Linoxide, Linux Command Cheat Sheet (2014), http://linoxide.com/linux-command/linux-commands-cheat-sheet/ 
      Oracle, Virtualbox User Manual, Chap. 1, https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ 
1/24/17   Class Cancelled - but see readings Use your time this week to 1) develop your group project, and 2) work on your first writing assignment, 3) get ahead on next week's reading, which is dense
1/26/17   Class Cancelled - but see readings  
1/31/17 205 South Hall What "Privacy?" Bert-Jaap Koops et al. A Typology of Privacy, ___ University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law ___ (Forthcoming 2017) https://ssrn.com/abstract=2754043 
      Optional: Daniel J. Solove, 'I've Got Nothing to Hide' and Other Misunderstandings of Privacy, 44 San Diego Law Review 745 (2007),: https://ssrn.com/abstract=998565 
2/2/17 205 South Hall Web Tracking Jonathan R. Mayer & John C. Mitchell, Third-Party Web Tracking: Policy and Technology, 2012 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6234427/ 
    Hoofnagle et al., Behavioral Advertising: The Offer You Cannot Refuse, 6 Harvard Law & Policy Review 273 (2012), http://harvardlpr.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Behavioral-Advertising-Hoofnagle-et-al.pdf 
    Rebecca Balebako et al., Measuring the effectiveness of privacy tools for limiting behavioral advertising, Web 2.0 Workshop on Security and Privacy (2012), http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.306.9415 
      Optional: Güne_ Acar et al, The Web Never Forgets: Persistent Tracking Mechanisms in the Wild, CCS’14, November 3–7, 2014, http://filelifter.de/assets/plugindata/poola/thewebneverforgets.pdf 
2/7/17   Class Cancelled The lab is reserved for us, so feel free to use this time to meet with your team.
2/9/17 TCF, 1535 Tollman Web Tracking Lab

Lab 2 worksheet.

Lou Montulli, The reasoning behind Web Cookies (2013), http://www.montulli-blog.com/2013/05/the-reasoning-behind-web-cookies.html 

      AboutCookies.org, Cookies: Frequently Asked Questions, n.d., http://www.aboutcookies.org/cookie-faq/ 
      Written assignment 1 due
2/14/17 205 South Hall Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)  and Privacy (Nathan Good) Noah Veltman, Web APIs for non-programmers, School of Data, Nov. 18, 2013, http://schoolofdata.org/2013/11/18/web-apis-for-non-programmers/ 
      Aldo Cortesi, Skout: a devastating privacy vulnerability, May 31, 2013, https://corte.si/posts/security/skout/index.html 
      Skim this list of easy-to-use APIs that do not require authentication. Terence Eden,  Easy APIs Without Authentication (2016), https://shkspr.mobi/blog/2016/05/easy-apis-without-authentication/ 
2/16/17 205 South Hall

mitmproxy (Chris Hoofnagle)

 

Paul Ohm, An Internet X-Ray Machine for the Masses, JOTWELL (June 12, 2015) (reviewing Aldo Cortesi, et al., mitmproxy), http://cyber.jotwell.com/an-internet-x-ray-machine-for-the-masses/

Günes, Acar et al., Facebook Tracking Through Social Plug-Ins, Mar. 27, 2015, https://securehomes.esat.kuleuven.be/~gacar/fb_tracking/fb_plugins.pdf

2/21/17 TCF, 1535 Tollman APIs & Privacy Lab (Nathan Good)
     
2/23/17 TCF, 1535 Tollman mitmproxy Lab (Nathan Good) Philipp C. Heckel, How To: Use mitmproxy to read and modify HTTPS traffic, Jul. 1, 2003, https://blog.heckel.xyz/2013/07/01/how-to-use-mitmproxy-to-read-and-modify-https-traffic-of-your-phone/ 
      mitmproxy is built into our Kali Linux VMs. Have this cheat sheet on hand in class: Kali, mitmproxy Package Description, n.d., http://tools.kali.org/sniffingspoofing/mitmproxy 
2/28/17 205 South Hall The GDPR's Privacy by Design Potential Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) , articles 25, 28, 30, 32, 35-39, and recitals 74-78, 80-84, 89-94, 97 (the recitals are the numbered sections under "Whereas," in the US, you might call these legislative findings), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32016R0679 
      Sarah Spiekermann and Lorrie Cranor, Engineering Privacy, 35(1)  IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (2009), https://ssrn.com/abstract=1085333
3/2/17 205 South Hall Project Workshop 1  
3/7/17 205 South Hall Serge Egelman: Android Permissions Wijesekera et al., Android Permissions Remystified: A Field Study on Contextual Integrity, SEC 2015, http://guanotronic.com/~serge/papers/sec15.pdf 
      Egelman et al., You’ve Been Warned: An Empirical Study of the Effectiveness of Web Browser Phishing Warnings, http://www.guanotronic.com/~serge/papers/warned.pdf 
      Helen Nissenbaum, A Contextual Approach to Privacy Online, 140(4) Daedalus 32 (Fall 2011), http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/DAED_a_00113 
3/9/17 205 South Hall Jonthan Jaffe Privacy Consulting Discussion No readings
3/9/17 Law School TBD Makeup: FTC FinTech Forum  
3/14/17 205 South Hall Jonthan Jaffe Privacy Consulting Lab Be sure to read the maturity exercise notes (handed out on 3/9).
Skim the AICPA's Generally Accepted Privacy Principles (2009).
3/16/17 205 South Hall Serge Egelman: Haystak Lab Irwin Reyes, Monkey business in children’s apps, The ICSI Haystack Project Blog, January 12, 2017
Chris Jay Hoofnagle, Children's Privacy, from FTC Privacy Law and Policy (2016).
      Written assignment 2 due
3/21/17 205 South Hall Privacy Dialogues: Human Computer Interaction Can Inform Privacy Analysis (Jennifer King) Harry Brignull, Dark Patterns: inside the interfaces designed to trick you, Verge (2013), http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/29/4640308/dark-patterns-inside-the-interfaces-designed-to-trick-you
    Expert Report of Jennifer King, FTC v. Amazon.com, No. 2:14-CV-01038, Dec. 15, 2015
    Expert Report of Professor Andrew L. Sears, FTC v. Amazon.com, No. 2:14-CV-01038, Dec. 15, 2015
3/23/17 205 South Dialogues Lab  Post examples of Darkpatters. In class we will do the worst design exercise.
3/24/17 East Palo Alto Four Seasons & Webcast & Web Archive Makeup: BCLT Privacy Law Forum Silicon Valley This event is at the Four Seasons Hotel in Palo Alto. 150-200 practitioners attend--it is a wonderful place to network! If you cannot attend in person, please watch the webcast or archived video: https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/upcoming-events/6th-annual-bclt-privacy-law-forum-silicon-valley/ 
4/4/17 205 South Hall Privacy Policies

 

California Business and Professions Code § 22575–22579, Internet Privacy Requirements, http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displayText.xhtml?lawCode=BPC&division=8.&title=&part=&chapter=22.&article=

      Reidenberg et al., Disagreeable Privacy Policies: Mismatches Between Meaning and Users' Understanding, 30(1) Berkeley Technology Law Journal 39 (2015), pages 39–53; 83–85; 87–88, http://btlj.org/2015/10/disagreeable-privacy-policies/ 
Leon et al., Token Attempt: The Misrepresentation of Website Privacy Policies through the Misuse of P3P Compact Policy Tokens, WPES 2010, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1866932
4/6/17 205 South Hall Privacy Policy Lab

24 hours before lab, please do two things:

  1. Please post the privacy policy for the service/product you are studying this semester. If you are studying many, choose one that is representative. Annotate this privacy policy using CalOPPA as the guide. For instance, you can highlight relevant language in the privacy policy and mark it as being required by §22575(b)(2). There are 7 main requirements in 22575, so see if you can find the requirements from (b)(1–7).
  2. Look to see whether the service/product you are studying has a p3p policy. You can track these down by looking at the HTML source of the website. P3P is supposed to exist at a standard location, such as berkeley.edu/p3p.xml or berkeley.edu/w3c/p3p.xml (but note that Berkeley does not appear to have a p3p policy. Sometimes you'll find a reference to P3P that points to a custom location. For instance, Microsoft's P3P file is at: https://www.microsoft.com/w3c/p3policy.xml Once you've located your policy, try to make sense of it :)
4/11/17 205 South Hall De-identification Simson L. Garfinkel, De-Identification of Personal Information, NISTIR 8053 (Oct. 2015), http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/ir/2015/NIST.IR.8053.pdf 
4/13/17 205 South Hall Lab time for team projects  
4/18/17 205 South Hall Hold for Student Presentations

Tuesday

  • Mimo Baby Monitor (KH, JD, AL, AC)
  • Samsung Camera (MW, CG)
  • Drones (MJ, AG, BVR)
4/20/17 205 South Hall Hold for Student Presentations  Thursday (15 mins each)
  • Tracking on Popular Chinese Websites (JB, SK)
  • Login Encryption (SS)
  • Echo (KF, KH)
  • Tile (MN)
  • Privacy in India (SS)
4/25/17   ECPA & CFAA

Presentations From Last week

  • Deidentification (RK, SK)
  • Bug Bounty (AE)

Plus

California Penal Code §§ 630, 631, 632, 635, 637, and 637.7, available at https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displayText.xhtml?lawCode=PEN&division=&title=15.&part=1.&chapter=1.5.&article= 

      CRS, Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) (Oct. 2012) pp 1–34, https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41733.pdf 
      Charles Doyle, Cybercrime: An Overview of the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Statute and Related Federal Criminal Laws, CRS Report, Oct. 2014, pages: summary, 1–2, 14–25, https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/97-1025.pdf 
4/27/17   DMCA & Research 17 USC 1201, Circumvention of copyright protection systems, https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/granule/USCODE-2011-title17/USCODE-2011-title17-chap12-sec1201 
      Letter from Matthew J. Oppenheim, Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs, Recording Industry Association of America, to Professor Edward Felten, Department of Computer Science, Princeton University, Apr. 9, 2001, https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010409_riaa_sdmi_letter.html 
      Cybersecurity Research: Addressing the Legal Barriers and Disincentives (Sept. 2015) p. 1–17, https://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/files/cybersec-research-nsf-workshop.pdf 
    Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, pp. 65944– 65955–65956 (Oct. 28, 2015). https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-10-28/pdf/2015-27212.pdf 

 

Course Summary:

Date Details